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Horse Breeds - Horse Hutsuls, Bukovina pride

 

Hutsuls is a small horse breed, native to the Carpathian Mountains. This horse race is a representative of our country, with a long history in the Eastern Mountains. These animals are bred to work, supporting stoically living conditions, no matter how harsh they may be. The first mention of Hutsuls dates from 1606, the work profile "hippie" of Dorohastajki.

Hutsuls breed name comes from a population of Ukrainian, who lives in Bucovina, Maramures and Pocutia (in Ukraine). Archaeological discoveries have brought to light but that this horse race is much older than the population which gives the name. History Hutsuls ancestor was horse Tarpan, a wild horse from prehistory, whose habitat stretched from Spain to central Russia.

It is believed that the monuments raised by Roman emperors Trajan Dominitian and are depicted for the first time Hutsuls race horses as beasts of burden used by the Dacians. Unlike other small breeds of horses, was very rarely Hutsuls crossed with horses of other breeds. The fact that this horse lived and multiplied in harsh conditions gave, over generations, resistance, power and robustness. In the nineteenth century, was used Hutsuls and Austro-Hungarian army. In 1856 it established the first herd of horses Hutsuls at RADA, Suceava county.

Multiple lines (dynasty) were determined by the first stallions to Radauti (Goral, Hroby, Ousor, Pietrosu and Prislop). Horses have been bred very carefully to preserve purity, and, later, copies were sent abroad Hutsuls to be good stud. The two World Wars seriously affected flocks Hutsuls in Eastern Europe. In 1994 was founded the International Federation of Hutsuls, whose main occupation is the preservation of this breed. Today there are about 3,500 horses in the world Hutsuls, Romania shelters most of these horses. Lucina Stud, founded in 1877 near the border with Ukraine, brought an essential contribution to improving the breed of horses. At present, Lucina 450 horses are raised.

Appearance

Hutsuls is a small horse, with a height not exceeding 150 cm, and weighs about 400 kg. The head is relatively large compared with the body. Facial profile is straight (also meet and copies concave profile), with large expressive eyes and ears are small and mobile. The neck is short, muscular and dressed with a rich mane. The chest is strong and muscular legs are short.

Hooves are adapted to life in the mountains, being small and hard. The color of these horses may be black, red, gray, reddish brown, light yellow or red with black and white. Some copies have at the bottom of the legs spots or stripes of different colors.

The general appearance of this horse is a sturdy animal, very energetic and strong. Features "Hutanii" as Hutsuls race horses are called by the inhabitants of mountain areas of Moldova are very helpful in peasant households in the Carpathians Orientals. Hutsuls is perfectly adapted for all daily activities, from riding on tractors.

These horses are not demanding about food and are accustomed to low temperatures in mountain areas. Hutulii are intelligent, docile, patient and resistant to disease, but if not treated properly can become stubborn and violent. Hutsuls breed horses are also long-lived, being able to work at maximum efficiency up to 25 years. Due to the quiet, hutulii are used in equestrian activities for children. Hutsuls breed horses used for riding and equestrian tourism or coaches with up to four horses.