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Cognitive abilities of the pigeon


Pigeons were subjected to comparative psychology several experiments, including studies that focused on the ability of animal perception. Among the conclusions drawn from various studies include that pigeons can be trained to perform relatively complex actions.

Also, these birds are capable of a very good distribution carefully. Pigeons can make the difference between other specimens of the same species.A pigeon can remember a large number of individual images for long periods. Unlike other species of birds, which also travel a lot during migration, on the same routes and each year, the dove may alter the route, often when flying to a destination.

A series of tests of recent date, have demonstrated that the pigeon can recognize the presence of its own representation. Scientists at Keio University in Japan showed that pigeons are able to recognize in footage shot with a delay of 5-7 seconds.

This has shown that pigeons have a self-recognition ability of children greater than three years, records that can recognize up to two seconds delay. Besides the recorded test images, pigeons were suputi and "mirror test", in which he acknowledged his own image.This capacity for self-perception, we noticed very few animals, like chimpanzees, dolphins and elephants. Japanese researchers have argued that such a test of intelligence, and self-recognition is not restricted to animals with a big brain.

In a famous 1995 article, Professor Shigeru Watanabe, from the same university in Japan, described an experiment to show that pigeons can be taught to distinguish between similar graphical construction. The team led by Watanabe managed to learn a number of birds to distinguish between the paintings of Pablo Picasso and Claude Monet's.

First, birds were trained with a limited set of paintings. When he was shown a Picasso, pigeon could obtain food, giving of beak. If the pigeon was shown a painting by Monet, even gave the beak, the bird did not get anything. After a while, the birds no longer requires food than if they were shown a painting by Picasso.

Scientists began to show birds and paintings of the two great artists, which no longer had seen, but the answer remained pigeons as discriminatory.


Finally, the birds would make the difference between impressionism paintings belonging (represented by Monet) and those of Cubism (Picasso), even when pictures no longer belonged to the two artists. "These observations suggest that the pigeon visual functions are comparable to those of man.

Both birds and humans evaluating multiple features of an object, that particular combinations of colors or patterns, then I do a trial on that object," Professor Watanabe said.

Similar experiments have shown that birds can make the difference between a photo there is one in which people and other objects are present. Even though these samples, which were subjected to birds, humans seem simple, they are inconclusive in terms of intelligence study birds.

Although this theory has not been protected from criticism, there are clear indications from experimental findings that pigeons are able to think through concepts and creating categories.