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The most common diseases in older cats


Older cats are affected by the same disease and people suffering after exceeding a certain age. Diabetes, kidney disease, cardiovascular problems and cancer are among the most serious health problems that can affect a cat in their final years of life. The good thing is that many of these diseases can be treated successfully and your cat can live relatively normal lives still.


Diabetes

Feline Diabetes is of two kinds: either it is caused by insufficient production of insulin or the cells are no longer able to use insulin effectively. Even though cats can get sick from diabetes at any age, this condition is more common in older cats or obese. The most common symptoms include: excessive thirst and urination, weight loss, vomare, loss of appetite, skin and fur are in poor condition.

A diet rich in fiber and complex carbohydrates is recommended for diabetics and obese cats. This diet helps control blood glucose levels. Your veterinarian can show the best diet considering the physical characteristics of your cat. But sometimes you will need insulin injections or oral administration of drugs. Insulin levels is essential to follow to avoid an overdose can be fatal to the cat.


Accumulation of fat in liver

This condition occurs in cats that suddenly stop eating and lose weight too fast. Accumulation of liver fat can trigger and with diabetes. The exact cause of this disease is still unknown and may be diagnosed only by liver biopsy. Some veterinarians say that fat accumulation in liver can be fatal within 48 hours of first symptoms. The good news is that this condition can be treated successfully. Although the accumulation of liver fat is a disease that only affects older cats, these cats are prone to this health problem for two reasons:

1. Older cats tend to become overweight and, when subjected to a diet, lose too much weight too fast.

2. For various reasons, older cats get sick often and lose weight fast anorexia.

The most common symptoms of liver fat accumulation include: anorexia (loss of appetite), lethargy, rapid weight loss, jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin), and abdominal swelling vomare. Treatment for such disease can be very upsetting for the animal, given that the cat will be force-fed through a tube. The most important is that cat to gain weight and treatment can last between two and six weeks.


Chronic kidney disease

This condition is very common in older cats and is characterized by gradual deterioration of kidney function.Disease will lead to the release into the bloodstream of toxins which are usually removed through urination.Chronic kidney disease is diagnosed through blood and urine analysis of the animal. The most common symptoms are weight loss, excessive thirst and urination, loss of appetite, vomarea, difficult urination and hair unkempt.

 

Cats will be seriously ill hospitalized for rehydration but most owners can teach yourself to feline subcutaneous hydration. Your veterinarian may recommend a diet low in protein and medication will be recommended depending on the cat's health problems (such as hypertension or anemia). It is essential not to start any treatment or diet for sick cat without first asking your doctor. As a last resort, there are kidney transplant operations, but they are not recommended for older cats and are quite expensive.


Hyperthyroidism

This disease is caused by thyroid growth, leading to an excess of thyroid hormones. Treatment of hyperthyroidism is complicated by the fact that this disease is often accompanied by one or more heart or kidney disease. The first signs of the disease may include weakness, excessive thirst and urination, increased appetite, vomare, diarrhea, and hyperactivity.

Treatment may be medication, especially in cats that suffer from kidney disease. The downside of this treatment is to be taken life. Although more expensive, treatment with radioactive iodine is usually preferred to avoid surgery because anesthesia. An operation to remove the thyroid gland may be as effective as treatment with radioactive iodine is not recommended, but older cats.


Heart disease

Hypertension in cats is almost always associated with kidney disease, hyperthyroidism or certain heart disease.Even if hypertension was a rare condition in cats that domestic cats today live longer increases the number of cats with hypertension. The most common symptoms include: increased rate of heartbeat, dilated pupils unresponsive to light and sudden loss of vision. Treatment will address the health problems that cause disease mainly hypertension, and the doctor may recommend a diet low in salt.

The most common form of heart disease in cats is cardiomyopathy, which means the heart muscle disease.Worrying signs that can include: shortness of breath, loss of appetite, lethargy, coughing and lack of strength in hind legs.


Cancer

Cancer is the leading cause of death in older cats, especially as leukemia or breast cancer. As with humans, early diagnosis increases the chances of survival, especially in older cats, whose immune system is weakened.Although there is no safe way to prevent cancer, cat sterilization may decrease the risk of illness. The first signs of cancer are small bumps that can be seized if the cat hair brushing often realize. But remember to check and mouth and ears. Also, nose and / or reddened or inflamed ears can be, especially in white cats that are prone to skin cancer as they age. Cat with cancer will be lethargic and lose weight. Treatment may include the use of radiation, chemotherapy or surgery, depending on the type of cancer.