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Horse Breeds - Lipizzaner horses - a horse with noble allure


Lipizzaner (Lipizza, Lipizzan, Lipizzaner) is the oldest of the modern breeds of horses in Europe. With a history of over 400 years, the Lipizzaner horses is part of Spanish blood horses. These horses were used in the army, the nobles of the royal courts and postal services.

The name of this breed comes from Lipizza Stud, founded in 1580 by Austrian royal house. Breeders seeking a sophisticated and noble race for royal courts of Europe needs. History in the sixteenth century, in Europe there are two main breeds of horses: Arabian race horses Pur Sang Spanish (more robust and more elegant than "Arabs" making them look the nobles of the royal courts).

Habsburg family occupy thrones in both Spain and the Austrian Empire, and in 1562, Emperor Maximillian II brought the Spanish Andalusian horse breed and formed the Kladrub stud. LIPIZZANER race horses formed after crossing the Iberian Peninsula, specifically Andalusian and Lusitano variations of (a mix of Berber race horses and Portuguese) and indigenous specimens at the locality Lipizza stud in Slovenia today. Over the centuries, race has been improved by crossing with Saudi Pur Sang and other variations in Central Europe (including Transylvania).

Thus, today there are eight lines (dynasty) of Litipan: Pluto, Conversano, Neapolitano, Favory, Maestoso, Siglavy - Caprioli, Tulipan and Incitato. The first copies were brought LIPIZZANER in Romania in 1874, the Lower Stud Saturday - Fagaras, in an area where the climate was similarities with the place of origin. Today, race horses are bred LIPIZZANER in Romania, in a rather homogeneous, to avoid inbreeding.


Lipizzaner horses in the past have convex head, with a curved profile in the face. In time, however this feature was eliminated from all flocks lipitani horses in Europe. Today, the animal's head is proportionally right profile, the ears are suitable in size, big eyes and nostrils wide and clean. The neck is tapered, thicker and thinner at the base of the head.

Stallions have thicker neck and arched than mares. The chest is broad and very muscular, strong shoulders, the back is short and croup is broad and long, well covered with muscle. The legs are short, strong and muscular, with small and strong hooves. The general appearance of the Lipizzaner horses are athletic, covered with moss, with smoother lines and elegant.

The height of these horses is between 160 and 170 cm and weight is approximately 500 kg. The most popular colors to the Lipizzaner horses are hunted (which turns white with aging), black and brown. Mane and tail must be rich, thick and curly wire naturally easy.

Temperament Spanish origins make LIPIZZANER a horse prone to behavior problems, aroused, in particular, independent and strong character. The problems start occurring in horses But the maintenance and inadequate training, inadequate staff products. Lipitanii are intelligent horse who learns very quickly, be careful, but listeners and ambitious workers.

Personnel in charge of these horses will be required within both physically and mentally. Lipitanii need hard work, attention and experience of the owner. These horses excel in high school training, with innate qualities for this discipline.